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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. Prometheus vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. Prometheus vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonPrometheus  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataOpen-source TimeSeries DBMS and monitoring systemA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Time Series DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.73
Rank#111  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score6.62
Rank#66  Overall
#3  Time Series DBMS
Score4.79
Rank#81  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitedruid.apache.orgprometheus.iowww.timescale.com
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designprometheus.io/­docsdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsTimescale
Initial release201220152017
Current release0.22.1, December 20212.6.0, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaGoC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
Linux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data onlynumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoImport of XML data possibleyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingnoyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C++
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonouser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedShardingyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesyes infoby FederationSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache DruidPrometheusTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsTimescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
» more
Competitive advantagesTimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosTime-series Analytics TimescaleDB boosts the performance of PostgreSQL for time-series...
» more
Key customersTransferWise, Maersk, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco, Nutanix, Warner...
» more
Market metricsWith over 12,700 GitHub stars and growing, 1,000,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTimescaleDB is available as a self-hosted product under two licenses, the Timescale...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Apache DruidPrometheusTimescaleDB
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