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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. OrientDB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. OrientDB vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.39
Rank#117  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score5.47
Rank#70  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
Score2.47
Rank#114  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Websitedruid.apache.orgorientdb.orgpingcap.com
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmldocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release201220102016
Current release0.20.0, October 20203.1.0, June 20204.0, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaGo, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)Linux
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingSQL-like query language, no joinsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava, Javascriptno
TriggersnoHooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedShardinghorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesMulti-source replicationUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes inforelationship in graphsno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurableUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache DruidOrientDBTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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