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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. SwayDB

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. SwayDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSwayDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataOpen source graph databaseMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)An embeddable, non-blocking, type-safe key-value store for single or multiple disks and in-memory storage
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Graph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.67
Rank#107  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score53.79
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score5.33
Rank#68  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#10  Key-value stores
Score0.07
Rank#306  Overall
#47  Key-value stores
Websitedruid.apache.orgneo4j.comorientdb.orgswaydb.io
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPSimer Plaha
Initial release2012200720102018
Current release0.20.0, October 20204.2.2, January 20213.1.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGNU Affero GPL V3.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava, ScalaJavaScala
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingnoSQL-like query language, no joinsno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
Kotlin
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascriptno
Triggersnoyes infovia event handlerHooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basednoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDAtomic execution of operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurableno
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache DruidNeo4jOrientDBSwayDB
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
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