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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. NebulaGraph vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. NebulaGraph vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonNebulaGraph  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Graph DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.20
Rank#106  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score2.33
Rank#136  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
Score120.89
Rank#11  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Websitedruid.apache.orggithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
www.nebula-graph.io
www.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designdocs.nebula-graph.iodocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsVesoft Inc.Snowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201220192014
Current release27.0.0, August 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
Linuxhosted
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedStrong typed schemayes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Cypher Query Language
GO Object Graph Mapper
Java Object Graph Mapper
NGBatis infoORM framework for NebulaGraph and Spring-Boot
Proprietary native API
Python Object Graph Mapper
Query language nGQL
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C++
Go
Java
PHP
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsuser defined functions
Triggersnono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesCausal Clustering using Raft protocolyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemRole-based access controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache DruidNebulaGraphSnowflake
Specific characteristicsNebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing NebulaGraph in...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received over 8,200 stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license.
» more

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More resources
Apache DruidNebulaGraphSnowflake
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