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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. MySQL vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. MySQL vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataWidely used open source RDBMSCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.63
Rank#101  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score1220.69
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score26.46
Rank#29  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Websitedruid.apache.orgwww.mysql.comwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designdev.mysql.com/­docdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201219952014
Current release0.20.2, March 20218.0.23 , January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions
Triggersnoyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedhorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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