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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. MySQL vs. OrientDB vs. SwayDB

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. MySQL vs. OrientDB vs. SwayDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSwayDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataWidely used open source RDBMSMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)An embeddable, non-blocking, type-safe key-value store for single or multiple disks and in-memory storage
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.67
Rank#107  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score1252.06
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score5.33
Rank#68  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#10  Key-value stores
Score0.07
Rank#306  Overall
#47  Key-value stores
Websitedruid.apache.orgwww.mysql.comorientdb.orgswaydb.io
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designdev.mysql.com/­docwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPSimer Plaha
Initial release2012199520102018
Current release0.20.0, October 20205.7.32 , October 20203.1.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGNU Affero GPL V3.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC and C++JavaScala
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language, no joinsno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
Kotlin
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoproprietary syntaxJava, Javascriptno
TriggersnoyesHooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedhorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes inforelationship in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDAtomic execution of operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurableno

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