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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. MySQL vs. Oracle Rdb

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. MySQL vs. Oracle Rdb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataWidely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.32
Rank#129  Overall
#63  Relational DBMS
#9  Time Series DBMS
Score1211.96
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1.57
Rank#161  Overall
#76  Relational DBMS
Websitedruid.apache.orgwww.mysql.comwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.html
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designdev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)
Initial release201219951984
Current release25.0.0, January 20238.0.32, January 20237.4.1.1, 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
HP Open VMS
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedhorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes, on a single node
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles

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