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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Transbase vs. VelocityDB

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Transbase vs. VelocityDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonTransbase  Xexclude from comparisonVelocityDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSA resource-optimized, high-performance, universally applicable RDBMSA .NET Object Database that can be embedded/distributed and extended to a graph data model (VelocityGraph)
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Object oriented DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.22
Rank#128  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
#9  Time Series DBMS
Score924.35
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.26
Rank#305  Overall
#138  Relational DBMS
Score0.21
Rank#324  Overall
#34  Graph DBMS
#17  Object oriented DBMS
Websitedruid.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.transaction.de/­en/­products/­transbase.htmlvelocitydb.com
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.transaction.de/­en/­products/­transbase/­features.htmlvelocitydb.com/­UserGuide
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsMicrosoftTransaction Software GmbHVelocityDB Inc
Initial release2012198919872011
Current release24.0.1, November 2022SQL Server 2019, November 2019Transbase 8.4, September 20207.x
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial infofree development licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++C and C++C#
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
Linux
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Any that supports .NET
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingyesyesno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
.Net
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin
Objective-C
PHP
Python
.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayesno
TriggersnoyesyesCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardBased on Windows Authentication

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More resources
Apache DruidMicrosoft SQL ServerTransbaseVelocityDB
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