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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. MySQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. MySQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerWidely used open source RDBMSRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.00
Rank#105  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score20.66
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score1202.10
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score5.61
Rank#72  Overall
#40  Relational DBMS
Websitedruid.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.mysql.comwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdev.mysql.com/­dochelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsMicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunSAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release2012201619951992
Current release0.22.1, December 20218.0.29, April 202217, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2commercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++C and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
hostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
C#
Java
PHP
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoTransact SQLyes infoproprietary syntaxyes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
Triggersnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedSharding, horizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemyesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Apache DruidMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseMySQLSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
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