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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.94
Rank#93  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score27.12
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitedruid.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designlearn.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsMicrosoft
Initial release20122014
Current release30.0.0, June 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
hosted
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJavaScript
TriggersnoJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemAccess rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
Apache DruidMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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