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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. Ingres vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. Ingres vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonIngres  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataWell established RDBMSWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Vector DBMS infosince Oracle 23
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.29
Rank#95  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score4.67
Rank#77  Overall
#42  Relational DBMS
Score1234.27
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitedruid.apache.orgwww.actian.com/­databases/­ingreswww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designdocs.actian.com/­ingresdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsActian CorporationOracle
Initial release20121974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s1980
Current release29.0.1, April 202411.2, May 202223c, September 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2commercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaCC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
AIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availableyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedhorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslySharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesIngres ReplicatorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Apache DruidIngresOracle
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