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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. Google BigQuery vs. Hawkular Metrics vs. SingleStore

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. Google BigQuery vs. Hawkular Metrics vs. SingleStore

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonHawkular Metrics  Xexclude from comparisonSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesHawkular metrics is the metric storage of the Red Hat sponsored Hawkular monitoring system. It is based on Cassandra.MySQL wire-compliant distributed RDBMS that combines an in-memory row-oriented and a disc-based column-oriented storage
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.67
Rank#107  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score36.00
Rank#24  Overall
#15  Relational DBMS
Score0.01
Rank#329  Overall
#30  Time Series DBMS
Score5.51
Rank#65  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Websitedruid.apache.orgcloud.google.com/­bigquerywww.hawkular.orgwww.singlestore.com
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docswww.hawkular.org/­hawkular-metrics/­docs/­user-guidedocs.singlestore.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsGoogleCommunity supported by Red HatSingleStore Inc.
Initial release2012201020142013
Current release0.20.0, October 20207.1.11, October 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infofree developer edition available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SingleStore Managed Service: The world's fastest, most capable cloud database for operational analytics, machine learning, & AI. Available instantly with multi-cloud and hybrid-cloud capabilities.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
hostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux info64 bit version required
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesnonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingyesnoyes, but no triggers and foreign keys
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIHTTP RESTJDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
Go
Java
Python
Ruby
Bash
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions infoin JavaScriptnoyes
Triggersnonoyes infovia Hawkular Alertingno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basednoneSharding infobased on CassandraSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesselectable replication factor infobased on CassandraSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency only within each node
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanono infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying datanoACID infoOnly isolation level: READ COMMITED
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) for whole datasets, not for individual tables infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Apache DruidGoogle BigQueryHawkular MetricsSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL
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