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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. Elasticsearch vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. Elasticsearch vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Search engineRDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.27
Rank#93  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score160.24
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score0.66
Rank#217  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Websitedruid.apache.orgwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchrdf4j.org
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlrdf4j.org/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsElasticSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release201220102004
Current release0.21.0, April 20217.8.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
All OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyes
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, all
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noMemcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemno

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More resources
Apache DruidElasticsearchRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
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