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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. Elasticsearch vs. OrigoDB

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. Elasticsearch vs. OrigoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonOrigoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA fully ACID in-memory object graph database
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Search engineDocument store
Object oriented DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.27
Rank#93  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score160.24
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score0.01
Rank#344  Overall
#48  Document stores
#20  Object oriented DBMS
Websitedruid.apache.orgwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchorigodb.com
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlorigodb.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsElasticRobert Friberg et al
Initial release201220102009 infounder the name LiveDB
Current release0.21.0, April 20217.8.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaC#
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
All OS with a Java VMLinux
Windows
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesUser defined using .NET types and collections
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infocan be achieved using .NET
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
.NET Client API
HTTP API
LINQ
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyes
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes infoDomain Events
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedShardinghorizontal partitioning infoclient side managed; servers are not synchronized
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesyesSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, all
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonodepending on model
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoWrite ahead log
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noMemcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemRole based authorization

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More resources
Apache DruidElasticsearchOrigoDB
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