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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. Elasticsearch vs. Oracle Coherence

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. Elasticsearch vs. Oracle Coherence

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Coherence  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricOracles in-memory data grid solution
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Search engineKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.44
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score158.25
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score2.59
Rank#108  Overall
#21  Key-value stores
Websitedruid.apache.orgwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.oracle.com/­middleware/­technologies/­coherence.html
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.oracle.com/­en/­middleware/­standalone/­coherence
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsElasticOracle
Initial release201220102007
Current release0.21.0, April 20217.8.0, June 202012c, September 2016
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
All OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JCache
JPA
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesno
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes infoLive Events
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesyesyes, with selectable consistency level
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoconfigurable
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptionally
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noMemcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemauthentification to access the cache via certificates or http basic authentication

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More resources
Apache DruidElasticsearchOracle Coherence
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