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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. Elasticsearch vs. OpenEdge vs. RocksDB vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. Elasticsearch vs. OpenEdge vs. RocksDB vs. Snowflake

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonOpenEdge  Xexclude from comparisonRocksDB  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricApplication development environment with integrated database management systemEmbeddable persistent key-value store optimized for fast storage (flash and RAM)Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Search engineRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.44
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score158.25
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score5.33
Rank#70  Overall
#39  Relational DBMS
Score3.82
Rank#87  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
Score58.26
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websitedruid.apache.orgwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.progress.com/­openedgerocksdb.orgwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocumentation.progress.com/­output/­ua/­OpenEdge_latestgithub.com/­facebook/­rocksdb/­wikidocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsElasticProgress Software CorporationFacebook, Inc.Snowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release20122010198420132014
Current release0.21.0, April 20217.8.0, June 2020OpenEdge 12.2, March 20206.22.1, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicensecommercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
All OS with a Java VMAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesschema-freeyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingSQL-like query languageyes infoclose to SQL 92noyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
C++ API
Java API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Progress proprietary ABL (Advanced Business Language)C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyesnouser defined functions
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesnono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedShardinghorizontal partitioning infosince Version 11.4noneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesyesSource-replica replicationnoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectornonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACIDyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noMemcached and Redis integrationnoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemUsers and groupsnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
Apache DruidElasticsearchOpenEdgeRocksDBSnowflake
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