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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. Elasticsearch vs. Machbase vs. RocksDB

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. Elasticsearch vs. Machbase vs. RocksDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMachbase infoFormer name was Infiniflux  Xexclude from comparisonRocksDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricTimeSeries DBMS for AIoT and BigDataEmbeddable persistent key-value store optimized for fast storage (flash and RAM)
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Search engineTime Series DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.01
Rank#95  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score155.76
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score0.14
Rank#307  Overall
#28  Time Series DBMS
Score3.44
Rank#88  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
Websitedruid.apache.orgwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.machbase.comrocksdb.org
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlendoc.machbase.comgithub.com/­facebook/­rocksdb/­wiki
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsElasticMachbaseFacebook, Inc.
Initial release2012201020132013
Current release0.21.0, April 20217.8.0, June 2020V4.06.22.1, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercial infofree test version availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud and Microsoft Azure that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
Implementation languageJavaJavaCC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
All OS with a Java VMLinux
Windows
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingSQL-like query languageSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
HTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
C++ API
Java API
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP infovia ODBC
Python
R infovia ODBC
Scala
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesnono
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesyesselectable replication factornone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectornono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, all
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanononoyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesnoyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noMemcached and Redis integrationyes infovolatile and lookup tableyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemsimple password-based access controlno
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache DruidElasticsearchMachbase infoFormer name was InfinifluxRocksDB
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is an open source search and analytics engine. As the heart of the...
» more
Machbase is an extremely fast time series database which processes large volumes...
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source Real-time indexsearch, and analysis Horizontally scalable Distributed...
» more
Fastest Database for IIoT, Independently verified, on Industry Standard Benchmarks....
» more
Typical application scenariosEnterprise search (search experiences for your workplace, apps, and websites), observability...
» more
Distributed Query In Machbase Cluster Edition, a broker node, which is responsible...
» more
Key customersThousands of organizations worldwide, including Cisco, eBay, Goldman Sachs, Microsoft,...
» more
Samsung, POSCO, Hyundai
» more
Market metricsPublic as of October 2018 Distributed workforce with 1900+ employees around the globe​...
» more
Real-time data processing Real-time index creation Optimized DBMS for processing...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
Machbase provide several product editions, including: Intelligent Edge Device, Fog...
» more

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More resources
Apache DruidElasticsearchMachbase infoFormer name was InfinifluxRocksDB
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