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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. Elasticsearch

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. Elasticsearch

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metric
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.33
Rank#99  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score134.79
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Websitedruid.apache.orgwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearch
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsElastic
Initial release20122010
Current release28.0.1, December 20238.6, January 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoElastic License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
All OS with a Java VM
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistent
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' feature
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, all
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noMemcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and system

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More resources
Apache DruidElasticsearch
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