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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. EXASOL vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. EXASOL vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataHigh-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.50
Rank#111  Overall
#55  Relational DBMS
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score3.78
Rank#87  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score10.10
Rank#42  Overall
#26  Relational DBMS
Websitedruid.apache.orgwww.exasol.comwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designwww.exasol.com/­resourcesdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsExasolSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201220002014
Current release0.20.0, October 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
hosted
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
.Net
JDBC
ODBC
WebSocket
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Java
Lua
Python
R
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsuser defined functions
Triggersnoyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoHadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
Apache DruidEXASOLSnowflake
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