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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. DuckDB vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. DuckDB vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.25
Rank#90  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score4.63
Rank#69  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score130.36
Rank#8  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Websitedruid.apache.orgduckdb.orgwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designduckdb.org/­docsdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201220182014
Current release29.0.1, April 20241.0.0, June 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoMIT Licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
server-lesshosted
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Arrow Database Connectivity (ADBC)
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
C
C# info3rd party driver
C++
Crystal info3rd party driver
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Lisp info3rd party driver
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
Rust
Swift
Zig info3rd party driver
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonouser defined functions
Triggersnonono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basednoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesnoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
Apache DruidDuckDBSnowflake
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