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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. DuckDB vs. OrientDB vs. SwayDB

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. DuckDB vs. OrientDB vs. SwayDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSwayDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)An embeddable, non-blocking, type-safe key-value store for single or multiple disks and in-memory storage
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.67
Rank#107  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score0.10
Rank#297  Overall
#132  Relational DBMS
Score5.33
Rank#68  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#10  Key-value stores
Score0.07
Rank#306  Overall
#47  Key-value stores
Websitedruid.apache.orgduckdb.orgorientdb.orgswaydb.io
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designduckdb.org/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPSimer Plaha
Initial release2012201820102018
Current release0.20.0, October 20200.2, August 20203.1.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGNU Affero GPL V3.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++JavaScala
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
server-lessAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingyesSQL-like query language, no joinsno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
CLI Client
JDBC
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
C
C++
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
Kotlin
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoJava, Javascriptno
TriggersnonoHooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basednoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesnoneMulti-source replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes inforelationship in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDAtomic execution of operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemnoAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurableno

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Apache DruidDuckDBOrientDBSwayDB
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