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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. DuckDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. OpenEdge vs. RocksDB

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. DuckDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. OpenEdge vs. RocksDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonOpenEdge  Xexclude from comparisonRocksDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricApplication development environment with integrated database management systemEmbeddable persistent key-value store optimized for fast storage (flash and RAM)
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSSearch engineRelational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.44
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score0.18
Rank#291  Overall
#135  Relational DBMS
Score158.25
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score5.33
Rank#70  Overall
#39  Relational DBMS
Score3.82
Rank#87  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
Websitedruid.apache.orgduckdb.orgwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.progress.com/­openedgerocksdb.org
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designduckdb.org/­docswww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocumentation.progress.com/­output/­ua/­OpenEdge_latestgithub.com/­facebook/­rocksdb/­wiki
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsElasticProgress Software CorporationFacebook, Inc.
Initial release20122018201019842013
Current release0.21.0, April 20210.2, August 20207.8.0, June 2020OpenEdge 12.2, March 20206.22.1, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicensecommercialOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++JavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
server-lessAll OS with a Java VMAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyesschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingyesSQL-like query languageyes infoclose to SQL 92no
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
CLI Client
JDBC
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
C++ API
Java API
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
C
C++
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Progress proprietary ABL (Advanced Business Language)C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyesyesno
Triggersnonoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basednoneShardinghorizontal partitioning infosince Version 11.4none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesnoneyesSource-replica replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoES-Hadoop Connectornono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDnoACIDyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesMemcached and Redis integrationnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemnoUsers and groupsno

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More resources
Apache DruidDuckDBElasticsearchOpenEdgeRocksDB
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