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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Graph DBMSRelational DBMSWide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.81
Rank#100  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score1.71
Rank#131  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.26
Rank#274  Overall
#127  Relational DBMS
Score3.58
Rank#88  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Websitedruid.apache.orgdgraph.iowww.esgyn.cncloud.google.com/­bigtable
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designdgraph.io/­docscloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsDgraph Labs, Inc.EsgynGoogle
Initial release2012201620152015
Current release0.21.0, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaGoC++, Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linuxhosted
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingnoyesno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.NetC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoJava Stored Proceduresno
Triggersnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedyesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication between multi datacentersInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zones
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDAtomic single-row operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache DruidDgraphEsgynDBGoogle Cloud Bigtable
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
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More resources
Apache DruidDgraphEsgynDBGoogle Cloud Bigtable
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