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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. Derby vs. Elasticsearch vs. Quasardb vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. Derby vs. Elasticsearch vs. Quasardb vs. ToroDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonQuasardb  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.A distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricDistributed, high-performance timeseries databaseA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSSearch engineTime Series DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.81
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score5.12
Rank#73  Overall
#40  Relational DBMS
Score159.09
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score0.14
Rank#300  Overall
#25  Time Series DBMS
Score0.02
Rank#340  Overall
#47  Document stores
Websitedruid.apache.orgdb.apache.org/­derbywww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchquasardb.netwww.torodb.com
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldoc.quasardb.netwww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsApache Software FoundationElasticquasardb8Kdata
Initial release20121997201020092016
Current release0.21.0, April 202110.15.2.0, March 20207.8.0, June 20203.1, January 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercial infoFree community edition, Non-profit organizations and non-commercial usage are eligible for free licensesOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJavaC++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
All OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VMBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyesschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infointeger and binaryyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes infowith tags
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingyesSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBCJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
HTTP API
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Java.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Proceduresyesno
Triggersnoyesyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basednoneShardingSharding infoconsistent hashingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesSource-replica replicationyesSource-replica replication with selectable replication factorSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoES-Hadoop Connectorwith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDnoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby using LevelDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesMemcached and Redis integrationyes infoTransient mode
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardCryptographically strong user authentication and audit trailAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache DruidDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBElasticsearchQuasardbToroDB
Specific characteristicsHigh-performance , high-speed, fully integrated timeseries database Seamlessly combines...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh performance in a cost-effective small package Real-time results for even large...
» more
Typical application scenariosTick database Predictive maintenance Pre-deal checks Large scale monitoring
» more
Key customersLarge EU investment banks US based hedge funds Orolia Tellmeplus
» more
Market metricsHas been running in very demanding production environments since 2013 Rapid adoption...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCommunity edition limited to 2 nodes and 16 GiB of storage per node available for...
» more

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More resources
Apache DruidDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBElasticsearchQuasardbToroDB
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