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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. Derby vs. Elasticsearch vs. HBase vs. Quasardb

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. Derby vs. Elasticsearch vs. HBase vs. Quasardb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonQuasardb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.A distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableDistributed, high-performance timeseries database
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSSearch engineWide column storeTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.81
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score5.12
Rank#73  Overall
#40  Relational DBMS
Score159.09
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score45.01
Rank#25  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score0.14
Rank#300  Overall
#25  Time Series DBMS
Websitedruid.apache.orgdb.apache.org/­derbywww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchhbase.apache.orgquasardb.net
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlhbase.apache.orgdoc.quasardb.net
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsApache Software FoundationElasticApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Powersetquasardb
Initial release20121997201020082009
Current release0.21.0, April 202110.15.2.0, March 20207.8.0, June 20202.3.4, January 20213.1, January 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial infoFree community edition, Non-profit organizations and non-commercial usage are eligible for free licenses
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Cloudera Operational Database: Cloud-native autonomous Apache HBase for unparalleled scale, performance and reliability. Automate and simplify database management with capabilities like auto-scale, auto-heal, and auto-tune.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
All OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyesschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free, schema definition possibleschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesoptions to bring your own types, AVROyes infointeger and binary
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexednoyes infowith tags
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingyesSQL-like query languagenoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBCJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
HTTP API
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Java.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Proceduresyesyes infoCoprocessors in Javano
Triggersnoyesyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basednoneShardingShardingSharding infoconsistent hashing
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesSource-replica replicationyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication with selectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoES-Hadoop Connectoryeswith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDnoSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoby using LevelDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesMemcached and Redis integrationyesyes infoTransient mode
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACCryptographically strong user authentication and audit trail
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache DruidDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBElasticsearchHBaseQuasardb
Specific characteristicsApache HBase is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well suited...
» more
High-performance , high-speed, fully integrated timeseries database Seamlessly combines...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures very high availability with multiple customers...
» more
High performance in a cost-effective small package Real-time results for even large...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Tick database Predictive maintenance Pre-deal checks Large scale monitoring
» more
Key customersApple, Salesforce, Cerner, Allegis Group, Bloomberg, Airtel, Thomson Reuters, Dish,...
» more
Large EU investment banks US based hedge funds Orolia Tellmeplus
» more
Market metrics#1 largest NoSQL database by revenue
» more
Has been running in very demanding production environments since 2013 Rapid adoption...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license P ricing for commercial distribution provided by Cloudera and available...
» more
Community edition limited to 2 nodes and 16 GiB of storage per node available for...
» more

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More resources
Apache DruidDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBElasticsearchHBaseQuasardb
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