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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. Derby vs. Elasticsearch vs. HBase

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. Derby vs. Elasticsearch vs. HBase

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.A distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTable
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSSearch engineWide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.44
Rank#93  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score4.97
Rank#74  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Score160.75
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score43.99
Rank#25  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Websitedruid.apache.orgdb.apache.org/­derbywww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchhbase.apache.org
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlhbase.apache.org
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsApache Software FoundationElasticApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Powerset
Initial release2012199720102008
Current release0.22.1, December 202110.15.2.0, March 20207.8.0, June 20202.3.4, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Cloudera Operational Database: Cloud-native autonomous Apache HBase for unparalleled scale, performance and reliability. Automate and simplify database management with capabilities like auto-scale, auto-heal, and auto-tune.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
All OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyesschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free, schema definition possible
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesoptions to bring your own types, AVRO
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingyesSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBCJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Java.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Proceduresyesyes infoCoprocessors in Java
Triggersnoyesyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basednoneShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesSource-replica replicationyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoES-Hadoop Connectoryes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDnoSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesMemcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache DruidDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBElasticsearchHBase
Specific characteristicsApache HBase is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well suited...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures very high availability with multiple customers...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersApple, Salesforce, Cerner, Allegis Group, Bloomberg, Airtel, Thomson Reuters, Dish,...
» more
Market metrics#1 largest NoSQL database by revenue
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license P ricing for commercial distribution provided by Cloudera and available...
» more

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Apache DruidDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBElasticsearchHBase
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