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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. Couchbase vs. MongoDB

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. Couchbase vs. MongoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructure
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Document storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.27
Rank#93  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score27.68
Rank#29  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score496.50
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Websitedruid.apache.orgwww.couchbase.comwww.mongodb.com
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designdocs.couchbase.comdocs.mongodb.com/­manual
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsCouchbase, Inc.MongoDB, Inc
Initial release201220112009
Current release0.21.0, April 2021Server: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20195.0, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC, C++, Go and ErlangC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatial
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.Read-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BI
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsproprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoFunctions and timers in JavaScriptJavaScript
Triggersnoyes infovia the TAP protocolyes infoin MongoDB Atlas only
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedShardingSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possible
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptional, enabled by default
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoEphemeral bucketsyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache DruidCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMongoDB
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
MongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
175 million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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More resources
Apache DruidCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMongoDB
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