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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. Couchbase vs. FileMaker

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. Couchbase vs. FileMaker

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonFileMaker  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataA distributed document store with integrated cache, a powerful search engine, in-built operational and analytical capabilities, and an embedded mobile databaseFileMaker is a cross-platform RDBMS that includes a GUI frontend.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Document storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Search engine
Time Series DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.29
Rank#95  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score18.46
Rank#36  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score49.73
Rank#20  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Websitedruid.apache.orgwww.couchbase.comwww.claris.com/­filemaker
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designdocs.couchbase.comwww.claris.com/­resources/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsCouchbase, Inc.Claris infoa subsidiary of Apple
Initial release201220111983
Current release29.0.1, April 2024Server: 7.2, June 2023; Mobile: 3.1, March 2022; Couchbase Capella (DBaaS), June 202319.4.1, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoBusiness Source License (BSL 1.1); Commercial licenses also availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC, C++, Go and Erlang
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
Linux
OS X
Windows
iOS infoclient part only
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infoA http query request can return the data in XML format
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingSQL++, extends ANSI SQL to JSON for operational, transactional, and analytic use casesyes infovia plugins
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
CLI Client
HTTP REST
Kafka Connector
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIs
Spark Connector
Spring Data
Filemaker WebDirect
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Kotlin
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoFunctions and timers in JavaScript and UDFs in Java, Python, SQL++yes
Triggersnoyes infovia the TAP protocolyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedAutomatic Shardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication, warm standby infosince Version 14
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoEphemeral buckets
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authentication. Role-base access control.simple rights management via user accounts and connection to external directory services

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More resources
Apache DruidCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseFileMaker
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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