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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. CockroachDB vs. FileMaker vs. Percona Server for MongoDB vs. SingleStore

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. CockroachDB vs. FileMaker vs. Percona Server for MongoDB vs. SingleStore

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonFileMaker  Xexclude from comparisonPercona Server for MongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.FileMaker is a cross-platform RDBMS that includes a GUI frontend.A drop-in replacement for MongoDB Community Edition with enterprise-grade features.MySQL wire-compliant distributed RDBMS that combines an in-memory row-oriented and a disc-based column-oriented storage with patented universal storage to handle transactional and analytical workloads in one single table type
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.44
Rank#93  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score6.97
Rank#58  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score55.86
Rank#22  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score0.63
Rank#215  Overall
#32  Document stores
Score6.66
Rank#59  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Websitedruid.apache.orgwww.cockroachlabs.comwww.claris.com/­filemakerwww.percona.com/­software/­mongodb/­percona-server-for-mongodbwww.singlestore.com
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docswww.claris.com/­resources/­documentationwww.percona.com/­doc/­percona-server-for-mongodb/­LATEST/­index.htmldocs.singlestore.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsCockroach LabsFileMaker infoa subsidiary of ApplePerconaSingleStore Inc.
Initial release20122015198320152013
Current release0.22.1, December 202121.1.2, June 202119.3.1, June 20213.4.10-2.10, November 20177.6, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availablecommercialOpen Source infoGPL Version 2commercial infofree developer edition available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachCloud: Get your applications to market faster with a fully managed CockroachDB instance. Leave the daily maintenance, security, and operations of your database to us, and spend more time building apps and running your business.SingleStore Managed Service: The world's fastest, modern cloud database for both operational (OLTP) and analytical (OLAP) workloads. Available instantly with multi-cloud and hybrid-cloud capabilities
Implementation languageJavaGoC++C++, Go
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
Linux
macOS
Windows
iOS
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux info64 bit version required
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supporteddynamic schemayesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infoA http query request can return the data in XML formatnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLyes infovia pluginsnoyes infobut no triggers and foreign keys
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBCFilemaker WebDirect
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol using JSONCluster Management API infoas HTTP Rest and CLI
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
PHPActionscript
C
C#
C++
Clojure
ColdFusion
D
Dart
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Perl
PHP
PowerShell
Prolog
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk
Bash
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyesJavaScriptyes
Triggersnonoyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedhorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTnoneShardingSharding infohash partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesMulti-source replication using RAFTSource-replica replication, warm standby infosince Version 14Source-replica replicationSource-replica replication infostores two copies of each physical data partition on two separate nodes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyesno infocan define user-defined aggregate functions for map-reduce-style calculations
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDnonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoAll updates are persistent, including those to disk-based columnstores and memory-based row stores. Transaction commits are supported via write-ahead log.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infovia In-Memory Engineyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemRole-based access controlsimple rights management via user accounts and connection to external directory servicesAccess rights for users and rolesFine grained access control via users, groups and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache DruidCockroachDBFileMakerPercona Server for MongoDBSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
SingleStore offers a fully-managed , distributed, highly-scalable SQL database designed...
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
SingleStore’s competitive advantages include: Easy and Simplified Architecture with...
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Driving Fast Analytics: SingleStore delivers the fastest and most scalable reporting...
» more
Key customersComcast, eBay, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, MyDoc,...
» more
IEX Cloud : Improves Financial Data Distribution Speed 15x with Singlestore DB Comcast,...
» more
Market metrics6.7K+ long-running clusters 2.2K+ CockroachDB Self-Hosted clusters 10.5K+ CockroachDB...
» more
Customers in various industries worldwide including US and International Industry...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more
F ree Tier and Enterprise Edition
» more

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More resources
Apache DruidCockroachDBFileMakerPercona Server for MongoDBSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL
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Turbocharge Your Open-Source DB to Drive 100x Faster Performance
Webinar, 10am PT, 18 January 2022

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