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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. ClickHouse vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. ClickHouse vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.26
Rank#112  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
#8  Time Series DBMS
Score14.97
Rank#44  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score114.13
Rank#11  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Websitedruid.apache.orgclickhouse.techwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designclickhouse.tech/­docsdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsClickhouse Inc.Snowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201220162014
Current release26.0.0, May 2023v23.4.1.1943-stable, April 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
hosted
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes, when using the MergeTree engine
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingClose to ANSI SQLyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
HTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
C# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Scala info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonouser defined functions
Triggersnonono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemAccess rights for users and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
Apache DruidClickHouseSnowflake
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
3 January 2023, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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Recent citations in the news

Apache Druid Charms in Upper Echelons of OLAP Database ...
3 April 2023, Datanami

Imply Announces Major Open Source Contribution for Apache Druid ...
20 September 2022, Business Wire

Apache Druid 25.0 Delivers Multi-Stage Query Engine and ...
19 January 2023, InfoQ.com

Apache Druid’s Role in Modern Data Analytics
10 November 2022, DevOps.com

Apache® Druid Named Best Analytics Database in the 2022 Datanami Readers’ Choice Award
12 December 2022, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

ClickHouse launches ClickHouse Cloud, extends its Series B
6 December 2022, TechCrunch

Aiven launches managed ClickHouse database as a service
13 December 2022, TechTarget

When you try to hire a freelancer to write SQL and all you get is incorrect AI garbage
9 May 2023, The Register

Why Clickhouse is so fast? The Secret to Its Blazing Fast Performance
14 April 2023, Startup.info

How to Install ClickHouse on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Linux
16 November 2022, linux.how2shout.com

provided by Google News

Snowflake CIO identifies AI focus in 2023 data trends report
5 June 2023, VentureBeat

The Snowflake Ecosystem Will Converge at the World's Largest ...
5 June 2023, Business Wire

Microsoft offers Azure ML data import CLI, SDK for Snowflake, other databases
1 June 2023, InfoWorld

Why Snowflake Stock Jumped Almost 12% in May
5 June 2023, The Motley Fool

Snowflake acquires Neeva to bring intelligent search to its cloud data management solution
24 May 2023, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

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