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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. Citus vs. Elasticsearch vs. Quasardb

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. Citus vs. Elasticsearch vs. Quasardb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonCitus  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonQuasardb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricDistributed, high-performance timeseries database
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSSearch engineTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.27
Rank#93  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score1.48
Rank#141  Overall
#69  Relational DBMS
Score160.24
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score0.23
Rank#285  Overall
#23  Time Series DBMS
Websitedruid.apache.orgwww.citusdata.comwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchquasardb.net
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designdocs.citusdata.comwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldoc.quasardb.net
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsElasticquasardb
Initial release2012201020102009
Current release0.21.0, April 20218.1, December 20187.8.0, June 20203.1, January 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercial infoFree community edition, Non-profit organizations and non-commercial usage are eligible for free licenses
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaCJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
LinuxAll OS with a Java VMBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyesschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infointeger and binary
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes infowith tags
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
HTTP API
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yesno
Triggersnoyesyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedShardingShardingSharding infoconsistent hashing
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsyesSource-replica replication with selectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoES-Hadoop Connectorwith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby using LevelDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoMemcached and Redis integrationyes infoTransient mode
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardCryptographically strong user authentication and audit trail
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache DruidCitusElasticsearchQuasardb
Specific characteristicsHigh-performance , high-speed, fully integrated timeseries database Seamlessly combines...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh performance in a cost-effective small package Real-time results for even large...
» more
Typical application scenariosTick database Predictive maintenance Pre-deal checks Large scale monitoring
» more
Key customersLarge EU investment banks US based hedge funds Orolia Tellmeplus
» more
Market metricsHas been running in very demanding production environments since 2013 Rapid adoption...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCommunity edition limited to 2 nodes and 16 GiB of storage per node available for...
» more

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Apache DruidCitusElasticsearchQuasardb
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