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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. Cassandra vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Teradata Aster vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. Cassandra vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Teradata Aster vs. TigerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonTeradata Aster  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
Teradata Aster has been integrated into other Teradata systems and therefore will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsPlatform for big data analytics on multistructured data sources and typesA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Wide column storeWide column storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.44
Rank#93  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score123.55
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score5.42
Rank#72  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score2.02
Rank#120  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Websitedruid.apache.orgcassandra.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tableswww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.tigergraph.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookMicrosoftTeradata
Initial release20122008201220052017
Current release0.22.1, December 20214.0.1, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinuxLinux
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedschema-freeschema-freeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free) infodefined schema within the relational store; partial schema or schema free in the Aster File Storeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes infoin Aster File Storeno
Secondary indexesyesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)noyesSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Java
Python
R
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnononoR packagesyes
Triggersnoyesnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yes infoDimension tables are replicated across all nodes in the cluster. The number of replicas for the file store can be configured.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnoyes infoSQL Map-Reduce Frameworkyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonononoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanono infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsoptimistic lockingACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonononono
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache DruidCassandraMicrosoft Azure Table StorageTeradata AsterTigerGraph
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Four out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
ANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Try TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more

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3rd partiesDataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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Instaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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More resources
Apache DruidCassandraMicrosoft Azure Table StorageTeradata AsterTigerGraph
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