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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. BaseX vs. Elasticsearch vs. NSDb vs. RocksDB

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. BaseX vs. Elasticsearch vs. NSDb vs. RocksDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonBaseX  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonNSDb  Xexclude from comparisonRocksDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataLight-weight Native XML DBMS with support for XQuery 3.0 and interactive GUI.A distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricScalable, High-performance Time Series DBMS designed for Real-time Analytics on top of KubernetesEmbeddable persistent key-value store optimized for fast storage (flash and RAM)
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Native XML DBMSSearch engineTime Series DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.44
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score1.55
Rank#138  Overall
#4  Native XML DBMS
Score158.25
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score0.00
Rank#350  Overall
#33  Time Series DBMS
Score3.82
Rank#87  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
Websitedruid.apache.orgbasex.orgwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchnsdb.iorocksdb.org
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designdocs.basex.orgwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlnsdb.io/­Architecturegithub.com/­facebook/­rocksdb/­wiki
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsBaseX GmbHElasticFacebook, Inc.
Initial release20122007201020172013
Current release0.21.0, April 20219.6.3, October 20217.8.0, June 20206.22.1, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoBSD licenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaJavaJava, ScalaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
macOS
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infoXQuery supports typesyesyes: int, bigint, decimal, stringno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedall fields are automatically indexedno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingnoSQL-like query languageSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTXQ
WebDAV
XML:DB
XQJ
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
gRPC
HTTP REST
WebSocket
C++ API
Java API
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Actionscript
C
C#
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
Qt
Rebol
Ruby
Scala
Visual Basic
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Java
Scala
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyesnono
Triggersnoyes infovia eventsyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basednoneShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesnoneyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoES-Hadoop Connectornono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanomultiple readers, single writernonoyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesUsing Apache Luceneyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noMemcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemUsers with fine-grained authorization concept on 4 levelsno

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More resources
Apache DruidBaseXElasticsearchNSDbRocksDB
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