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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. Apache Kylin vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. Apache Kylin vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonApache Kylin  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataA distributed analytics engine for big data, providing a SQL interface and multi-dimensional analysis (OLAP) and leveraging the Hadoop stackCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.32
Rank#129  Overall
#63  Relational DBMS
#9  Time Series DBMS
Score1.70
Rank#151  Overall
#72  Relational DBMS
Score117.26
Rank#11  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Websitedruid.apache.orgkylin.apache.orgwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designkylin.apache.org/­docsdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsApache Software Foundation, originally contributed from eBay IncSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201220152014
Current release25.0.0, January 20233.1.0, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
Linuxhosted
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingANSI SQL for queries (using Apache Calcite)yes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions
Triggersnono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
Apache DruidApache KylinSnowflake
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Recent citations in the news

Apache Druid 25.0 Delivers Multi-Stage Query Engine and ...
19 January 2023, InfoQ.com

Apache Druid's Role in Modern Data Analytics
10 November 2022, DevOps.com

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18 November 2021, InfoWorld

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Is OLAP Dead?
21 October 2022, KDnuggets

Apache Kylin Adds Real-time OLAP
3 January 2020, iProgrammer

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22 January 2021, Datanami

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Snowflake vs. Informatica: Data Management Comparison | eWEEK
24 January 2023, eWeek

Snowflake Acquisition Expands Legacy Data Conversion Offerings
20 January 2023, CRN

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25 January 2023, Demand Gen Report

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25 January 2023, The Motley Fool

Snowflake vs. Looker: Data Analytics Comparison 2023 | eWEEK
11 January 2023, eWeek

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