DB-EnginesCrateDB bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Apache Drill vs. c-treeACE vs. Oracle vs. PostgreSQL vs. STSdb

System Properties Comparison Apache Drill vs. c-treeACE vs. Oracle vs. PostgreSQL vs. STSdb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonc-treeACE  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageHigh speed key-value store, desgined for high availability, mission critical applications with automatic recovery and immediately consistent transaction support.Widely used RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing method
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Key-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.72
Rank#91  Overall
#17  Document stores
#46  Relational DBMS
Score0.49
Rank#208  Overall
#35  Key-value stores
#99  Relational DBMS
Score1345.42
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score509.86
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score0.08
Rank#296  Overall
#48  Key-value stores
Websitedrill.apache.orgwww.faircom.com/­-products/­-c-treeacewww.oracle.com/­databasewww.postgresql.orgstssoft.com/­products/­stsdb-4-0
Technical documentationdrill.apache.org/­docslearn.faircomcorp.com/­developers/­documentation_directorydocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasewww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperApache Software FoundationFairCom CorporationOraclePostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSTS Soft SC
Initial release2012197919801989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2011
Current release1.17.0, December 2019V11.5, November 201719c, February 201912.2, February 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial infoRestricted, free version availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
Implementation languageANSI C, C++C and C++CC#
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
QNX
SCO
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows infoeasily portable to other OSs
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes, ANSI Standard SQL Typesyesyesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantyes infoANSI SQL queriesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
Direct SQL
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
.NET Client API
Supported programming languagesC++.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C#
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyes info.Net, JavaScript, C/C++PL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.no
Triggersnoyesyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingFile partitioning, horizontal partitioning, sharding infoCustomizable business rules for table partitioninghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioningpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoSynchronous and asynchronous realtime replication based on transaction logsMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infowhen using SQLyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoacross SQL and NoSQLyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Depending on the underlying data sourceyesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no
User concepts infoAccess controlDepending on the underlying data sourceFine grained user, group and file access rights managed across SQL (per ANSI standard) and NoSQL.fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache Drillc-treeACEOraclePostgreSQLSTSdb
Specific characteristicsSpeed, reliability and consistency are the reasons businesses choose FairCom’s c-treeACE...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Competitive advantagesTop Features High-speed transaction processing Immediately consistent, ACID-compliant,...
» more
Typical application scenariosc-treeACE speed, reliability, and flexibility are direct reasons this technology...
» more
Key customersVISA, UPS, Verizon, Motorola, CommVault, Thomson Reuters, ACI, BNY Mellon, Rockwell...
» more
Market metricsFrom banking and financial transactions, transportation, warehouse automation, package...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsJust as the technical aspects of c-treeACE are flexible to meet operation requirements,...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more
CYBERTEC: your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science based on PostgreSQL since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide!
» more

2ndQuadrant: Mission Critical Databases.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

SQLPro for PostgreSQL: A simple but powerful PostgreSQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Apache Drillc-treeACEOraclePostgreSQLSTSdb
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Database Administration
Online Training, daily from 5am – 7am UTC or 4pm – 6pm UTC, 4-8 May 2020

PGCon 2020, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
Due to COVID-19, it will be an online conference, 26-29 May 2020

Recent citations in the news

The 28 Best Database Management Software Systems and Tools for 2020
13 March 2020, Solutions Review

Apache Drill Adds YARN Support
17 April 2018, iProgrammer

Apache Drill 1.0 tears into data, with or without Hadoop
19 May 2015, InfoWorld

Catching up with Google BigQuery
2 March 2020, ZDNet

MapR Advances Support for Flexible and High Performance Analytics on JSON and S3 Data with Apache Drill
30 January 2019, Business Wire

provided by Google News

FairCom and Software AG sign new contract for c-treeACE Database
22 March 2019, PRNewswire

Database leader FairCom releases c-treeACE V11.5
8 November 2017, PR Newswire

Database leader FairCom celebrates 40 years of providing fast, reliable solutions
6 November 2019, Yahoo Finance

Verizon awards database contract to FairCom
26 September 2018, Markets Insider

FairCom to feature #ctreeEDGE IoT Database at LiveWorx19
4 June 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Oracle Expert? Consider the Oracle Database Administrator Certified Professional - Cleared & Certified
1 April 2020, ClearanceJobs

Oracle NoSQL database comes to the cloud
2 April 2020, TechTarget

Exclusive: Larry Ellison Reveals His Big Data Battle Plan To Fight Coronavirus In Partnership With Trump White House
1 April 2020, Forbes

Larry Ellison Redefines Cloud as Oracle Autonomous Database Surges
13 March 2020, Cloud Wars

Before it sued Google for copying from Java, Oracle got rich copying IBM’s SQL
10 March 2020, Ars Technica

provided by Google News

Tutorial: Deploy PostgreSQL on Kubernetes Running the OpenEBS Storage Engine
20 March 2020, thenewstack.io

10 Tools every developer should have when working with PostgreSQL
24 March 2020, Computerworld

Global NoSQL Market 2020 Top Manufactures – Microsoft SQL Server, MySQL, MongoDB, PostgreSQL, Oracle Database, MongoLab, MarkLogic, Couchbase, CloudDB, DynamoDB
4 April 2020, Science In Me

6 Best Companies in the SQL Space
10 March 2020, TechBullion

Faster PostgreSQL connection recovery
2 December 2019, The Guardian

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Machine Learning Data Engineer
Finite State, Columbus, OH

Data Engineer
Finite State, Columbus, OH

Network Data Engineer
Finite State, Columbus, OH

Java Developer
Infosys Limited, Bellevue, WA

Oracle
Kaynes Technology Inc, Remote

Oracle Database Programmer
Cognizance Tech, Rockville, MD

Database Consultant
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Remote

Oracle Database Administrator
creamitinc, Dallas, TX

Oracle Database Administrator
Delaware Nations Industries, Hill AFB, UT

PostgreSQL Consultant - remote
Percona, Remote

Database Consultant
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Remote

PostgreSQL DBA
West Advanced Technologies (WATI), Downey, CA

Online Developer 1
The Spokesman-Review, Remote

MongoDB DBA - remote (EMEA hours)
Percona, Remote

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Luna logo

Simple, subscription-based support for open source
Apache Cassandra™ from the Cassandra experts.
Learn more.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

RavenDB logo

Setup a fully managed RavenDB Cloud Database in minutes. Enjoy hosting, management, backups all in one place.
Grab a Free Instance

Present your product here