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DBMS > Apache Drill vs. LeanXcale vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Access

System Properties Comparison Apache Drill vs. LeanXcale vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Access

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageA highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Microsoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.02
Rank#95  Overall
#17  Document stores
#46  Relational DBMS
Score0.24
Rank#262  Overall
#46  Key-value stores
#120  Relational DBMS
Score91.13
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score116.54
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitedrill.apache.orgwww.leanxcale.commariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
products.office.com/­en-us/­access
Technical documentationdrill.apache.org/­docsmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarymsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspx
DeveloperApache Software FoundationLeanXcaleMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Microsoft
Initial release2012201520091992
Current release1.17.0, December 201910.4.12, January 20201902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Office
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageC and C++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLs
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantyes infothrough Apache Derbyyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standard
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesC++C
Java
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3yes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Triggersnoyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keynone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infobut no files for transaction logging
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes infobut no files for transaction logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Depending on the underlying data sourceyesyes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlDepending on the underlying data sourcefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache DrillLeanXcaleMariaDBMicrosoft Access
Specific characteristicsFull ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Open source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Competitive advantagesLinear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
High availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Typical application scenariosHybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersbanking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Booking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Market metrics15 beta testers
» more
MariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsannual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

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More resources
Apache DrillLeanXcaleMariaDBMicrosoft Access
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