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DBMS > Apache Drill vs. Impala vs. LevelDB vs. searchxml vs. XTDB

System Properties Comparison Apache Drill vs. Impala vs. LevelDB vs. searchxml vs. XTDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonsearchxml  Xexclude from comparisonXTDB infoformerly named Crux  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageAnalytic DBMS for HadoopEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesDBMS for structured and unstructured content wrapped with an application serverA general purpose database with bitemporal SQL and Datalog and graph queries
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSKey-value storeNative XML DBMS
Search engine
Document store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.98
Rank#107  Overall
#21  Document stores
#54  Relational DBMS
Score17.55
Rank#40  Overall
#25  Relational DBMS
Score3.38
Rank#99  Overall
#17  Key-value stores
Score0.00
Rank#363  Overall
#7  Native XML DBMS
#23  Search engines
Score0.02
Rank#346  Overall
#46  Document stores
Websitedrill.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlgithub.com/­google/­leveldbwww.searchxml.net/­category/­productsgithub.com/­xtdb/­xtdb
xtdb.com
Technical documentationdrill.apache.org/­docsdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdwww.searchxml.net/­support/­handoutsxtdb.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software FoundationClouderaGoogleinformationpartners gmbhJuxt Ltd.
Initial release20122013201120152019
Current release1.19.0, June 20214.0.0, July 20211.23, February 20211.01.19, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoBSDcommercialOpen Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++C++Clojure
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
WindowsAll OS with a Java 8 (and higher) VM
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyesyes, extensible-data-notation format
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyesno
Secondary indexesnoyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantSQL-like DML and DDL statementsnonolimited SQL, making use of Apache Calcite
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
WebDAV
XQuery
XSLT
HTTP REST
JDBC
Supported programming languagesC++All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
C++ infomost other programming languages supported via APIsClojure
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducenoyes infoon the application serverno
Triggersnonononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factornoneyes infosychronisation to multiple collectionsyes, each node contains all data
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReducenonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanononomultiple readers, single writerACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyesyes, flexibel persistency by using storage technologies like Apache Kafka, RocksDB or LMDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Depending on the underlying data sourcenono
User concepts infoAccess controlDepending on the underlying data sourceAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosnoDomain, group and role-based access control at the document level and for application services

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More resources
Apache DrillImpalaLevelDBsearchxmlXTDB infoformerly named Crux
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Apache Drill improves big data SQL query engine
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