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DBMS > Apache Drill vs. Hive vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Apache Drill vs. Hive vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud Storagedata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.28
Rank#119  Overall
#23  Document stores
#56  Relational DBMS
Score62.59
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score123.20
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitedrill.apache.orghive.apache.orgwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdrill.apache.org/­docscwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software FoundationApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201220122014
Current release1.20.3, January 20233.1.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC++C++
Java
PHP
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceuser defined functions
Triggersnonono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Depending on the underlying data sourceno
User concepts infoAccess controlDepending on the underlying data sourceAccess rights for users, groups and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
Apache DrillHiveSnowflake
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