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DBMS > Apache Drill vs. Hive vs. Impala

System Properties Comparison Apache Drill vs. Hive vs. Impala

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud Storagedata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopAnalytic DBMS for Hadoop
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.02
Rank#95  Overall
#17  Document stores
#46  Relational DBMS
Score76.42
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score14.51
Rank#37  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Websitedrill.apache.orghive.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.html
Technical documentationdrill.apache.org/­docscwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homewww.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.html
DeveloperApache Software FoundationApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookCloudera
Initial release201220122013
Current release1.17.0, December 20193.1.2, August 20193.3.0, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC++C++
Java
PHP
Python
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduce
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduceyes infoquery execution via MapReduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Depending on the underlying data sourceno
User concepts infoAccess controlDepending on the underlying data sourceAccess rights for users, groups and rolesAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberos

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