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DBMS > Apache Drill vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Graph Engine vs. H2 vs. Machbase

System Properties Comparison Apache Drill vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Graph Engine vs. H2 vs. Machbase

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonMachbase infoFormer name was Infiniflux  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.A distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.TimeSeries DBMS for AIoT and BigData
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.98
Rank#107  Overall
#21  Document stores
#54  Relational DBMS
Score5.03
Rank#79  Overall
#12  Key-value stores
#6  Wide column stores
Score0.93
Rank#189  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#32  Key-value stores
Score9.72
Rank#49  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score0.02
Rank#352  Overall
#31  Time Series DBMS
Websitedrill.apache.orgcloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.graphengine.iowww.h2database.comwww.machbase.com
Technical documentationdrill.apache.org/­docscloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docswww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlmachbase.atlassian.net/­wiki/­spaces/­MAN/­overview
DeveloperApache Software FoundationGoogleMicrosoftThomas MuellerMachbase
Initial release20122015201020052013
Current release1.19.0, June 20212.1.210, January 2022V6.5, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercial infofree test version available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation language.NET and CJavaC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hosted.NETAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesnonoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantnonoyesSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
RESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
HTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC++C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
JavaC
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP infovia ODBC
Python
R infovia ODBC
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsnoyesJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsno
Triggersnononoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioningnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoAtomic single-row operationsnoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentDepending on the underlying data sourceyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesno
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Depending on the underlying data sourcenoyesyesyes infovolatile and lookup table
User concepts infoAccess controlDepending on the underlying data sourceAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardsimple password-based access control

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More resources
Apache DrillGoogle Cloud BigtableGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityH2Machbase infoFormer name was Infiniflux
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