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DBMS > Apache Drill vs. FoundationDB vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison Apache Drill vs. FoundationDB vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Multi-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Document store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.49
Rank#111  Overall
#19  Document stores
#55  Relational DBMS
Score1.35
Rank#146  Overall
#24  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score4.05
Rank#82  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websitedrill.apache.orgwww.foundationdb.orgorientdb.org
Technical documentationdrill.apache.org/­docsapple.github.io/­foundationdbwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software FoundationFoundationDBOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release201220132010
Current release1.19.0, June 20216.2.28, November 20203.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantsupported in specific SQL layer onlySQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC++.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsin SQL-layer onlyJava, Javascript
TriggersnonoHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneLinearizable consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoin SQL-layer onlyyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Depending on the underlying data source
User concepts infoAccess controlDepending on the underlying data sourcenoAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable

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More resources
Apache DrillFoundationDBOrientDB
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Recent citations in the news

SD Times Open-Source Project of the Week: Apache Drill
3 September 2021, SDTimes.com

The Apache Drill Project Announces Apache® Drill(TM) v1.19
30 August 2021, GlobeNewswire

Apache Drill improves big data SQL query engine
31 August 2021, TechTarget

Apache Software Foundation updates Drill for broader SQL queries
1 September 2021, VentureBeat

Apache Drill 1.19 Milestone Release Adds Cassandra Connector
9 September 2021, iProgrammer

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Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

Apple Open Sources FoundationDB, a Distributed Datastore
26 April 2018, ADT Magazine

Apple’s FoundationDB open sources the database layer behind CloudKit
14 January 2019, 9to5Mac

FoundationDB's Record Layer Supports Relational Database Semantics, Schema Management and Indexing
10 February 2019, InfoQ.com

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