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DBMS > Apache Drill vs. Elasticsearch vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Graph Engine

System Properties Comparison Apache Drill vs. Elasticsearch vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Graph Engine

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.A distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engine
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Search engineDocument storeGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#106  Overall
#20  Document stores
#55  Relational DBMS
Score157.69
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score9.32
Rank#52  Overall
#10  Document stores
Score0.91
Rank#184  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#30  Key-value stores
Websitedrill.apache.orgwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchfirebase.google.com/­products/­firestorewww.graphengine.io
Technical documentationdrill.apache.org/­docswww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestorewww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manual
DeveloperApache Software FoundationElasticGoogleMicrosoft
Initial release2012201020172010
Current release1.19.0, June 20217.8.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoElastic LicensecommercialOpen Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava.NET and C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMhosted.NET
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesnoyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantSQL-like query languagenono
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC++.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyesyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsyes
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes, with Cloud Functionsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesES-Hadoop ConnectorUsing Cloud Dataflow
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoyesno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storage
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Depending on the underlying data sourceMemcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlDepending on the underlying data sourceAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.

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More resources
Apache DrillElasticsearchGoogle Cloud FirestoreGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity
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