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DBMS > Apache Drill vs. Elasticsearch vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Graph Engine vs. Milvus

System Properties Comparison Apache Drill vs. Elasticsearch vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Graph Engine vs. Milvus

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.A distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searches
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Search engineDocument storeGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.08
Rank#104  Overall
#21  Document stores
#53  Relational DBMS
Score155.08
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score18.80
Rank#38  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score0.88
Rank#188  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#32  Key-value stores
Score0.37
Rank#264  Overall
#18  Search engines
Websitedrill.apache.orgwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.graphengine.iomilvus.io
Technical documentationdrill.apache.org/­docswww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasewww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.md
DeveloperApache Software FoundationElasticGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Microsoft
Initial release20122010201220102019
Current release1.19.0, June 20217.8.0, June 20202.0, January 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoElastic LicensecommercialOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava.NET and CC++, Go
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMhosted.NETLinux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesNumeric and String
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesnoyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantSQL-like query languagenonono
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Android
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP APIRESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC++.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyeslimited functionality with using 'rules'yesno
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureCallbacks are triggered when data changesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesES-Hadoop Connectornono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Bounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoyesnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Depending on the underlying data sourceMemcached and Redis integrationyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlDepending on the underlying data sourceyes, based on authentication and database rulesno
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache DrillElasticsearchFirebase Realtime DatabaseGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMilvus
Specific characteristicsMilvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
» more
Competitive advantagesHighly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
» more
Typical application scenariosVideo media : video understanding, video deduplication. E-commerce and mobile applications...
» more
Key customersMilvus is trusted by over 1,000 enterprises, including Baidu, eBay, IKEA, LINE, Shopee,...
» more
Market metricsAs of March 2022, 9.8k+ GitHub stars 1.4k+ Github forks 871k+ docker pulls 2k+ community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMilvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Managed...
» more

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More resources
Apache DrillElasticsearchFirebase Realtime DatabaseGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMilvus
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