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DBMS > Apache Drill vs. Elasticsearch vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Graph Engine

System Properties Comparison Apache Drill vs. Elasticsearch vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Graph Engine

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.A distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engine
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Search engineDocument storeGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#106  Overall
#20  Document stores
#55  Relational DBMS
Score157.69
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score18.92
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score0.91
Rank#184  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#30  Key-value stores
Websitedrill.apache.orgwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.graphengine.io
Technical documentationdrill.apache.org/­docswww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasewww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manual
DeveloperApache Software FoundationElasticGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Microsoft
Initial release2012201020122010
Current release1.19.0, June 20217.8.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoElastic LicensecommercialOpen Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava.NET and C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMhosted.NET
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesnoyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantSQL-like query languagenono
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Android
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC++.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyeslimited functionality with using 'rules'yes
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureCallbacks are triggered when data changesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesES-Hadoop Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoyesno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storage
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Depending on the underlying data sourceMemcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlDepending on the underlying data sourceyes, based on authentication and database rules

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More resources
Apache DrillElasticsearchFirebase Realtime DatabaseGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity
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