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DBMS > Apache Drill vs. EXASOL vs. IRONdb vs. OrientDB vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison Apache Drill vs. EXASOL vs. IRONdb vs. OrientDB vs. RDF4J

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonIRONdb  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageHigh-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.A distributed Time Series DBMS with a focus on scalability, fault tolerance and operational simplicityMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)RDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSTime Series DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#98  Overall
#18  Document stores
#49  Relational DBMS
Score3.24
Rank#91  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#341  Overall
#31  Time Series DBMS
Score4.71
Rank#76  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
Score0.50
Rank#232  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Websitedrill.apache.orgwww.exasol.comwww.circonus.com/­solutions/­time-series-databaseorientdb.orgrdf4j.org
Technical documentationdrill.apache.org/­docswww.exasol.com/­resourcesdocs.circonus.com/­irondbwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlrdf4j.org/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software FoundationExasolCirconus LLC.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release20122000201720102004
Current release1.18.0, September 2020V0.10.20, January 20183.1.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++JavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infotext, numeric, histogramsyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesnoyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantyesSQL-like query language (Circonus Analytics Query Language: CAQL)SQL-like query language, no joinsno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
.Net
JDBC
ODBC
WebSocket
HTTP APITinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesC++Java
Lua
Python
R
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsuser defined functionsyes, in LuaJava, Javascriptyes
TriggersnoyesnoHooksyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingAutomatic, metric affinity per nodeShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesconfigurable replication factor, datacenter awareMulti-source replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoHadoop integrationnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency per node, eventual consistency across nodes
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDnoACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Depending on the underlying data sourceyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlDepending on the underlying data sourceAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardnoAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurableno

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