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DBMS > Apache Drill vs. DuckDB vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Apache Drill vs. DuckDB vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.28
Rank#119  Overall
#23  Document stores
#56  Relational DBMS
Score4.68
Rank#76  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Score123.20
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitedrill.apache.orgduckdb.orgwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdrill.apache.org/­docsduckdb.org/­docsdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software FoundationSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201220182014
Current release1.20.3, January 20230.10, February 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoMIT Licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
server-lesshosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Arrow Database Connectivity (ADBC)
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC++C
C# info3rd party driver
C++
Crystal info3rd party driver
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Lisp info3rd party driver
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
Rust
Swift
Zig info3rd party driver
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsnouser defined functions
Triggersnonono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Depending on the underlying data sourceyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlDepending on the underlying data sourcenoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
Apache DrillDuckDBSnowflake
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Recent citations in the news

Apache Drill case study: A tutorial on processing CSV files
9 June 2016, TheServerSide.com

Analyse Kafka messages with SQL queries using Apache Drill
23 September 2019, Towards Data Science

Apache Drill improves big data SQL query engine
31 August 2021, TechTarget

Apache Drill Eliminates ETL, Data Transformation for MapR Database
11 April 2016, The New Stack

Drill Mines Diverse Data Sets, Google Style
20 May 2015, The Next Platform

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DuckDB Walks to the Beat of Its Own Analytics Drum
5 March 2024, Datanami

Enabling Remote Query Execution through DuckDB Extensions
12 March 2024, InfoQ.com

How to read OSM data with DuckDB | Kamil Raczycki
1 March 2024, Towards Data Science

Seattle startup MotherDuck raises $52.5M at a $400M valuation to fuel DuckDB analytics platform
20 September 2023, GeekWire

MotherDuck Raises $52.5 Million Series B Funding as DuckDB Adoption Soars
20 September 2023, PR Newswire

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16 April 2024, Yahoo Finance

Partnership Brings Cutting-Edge LLMs from Mistral AI Into Snowflake Data Cloud
12 April 2024, Acceleration Economy

Snowflake previews genAI-based SQL Copilot
11 April 2024, SDxCentral

Use Apache Iceberg in your data lake with Amazon S3, AWS Glue, and Snowflake | Amazon Web Services
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MessageGears to operate with the Snowflake data cloud
9 April 2024, MarTech

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