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DBMS > Apache Drill vs. DuckDB vs. Hive

System Properties Comparison Apache Drill vs. DuckDB vs. Hive

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on Hadoop
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.02
Rank#124  Overall
#22  Document stores
#59  Relational DBMS
Score4.63
Rank#69  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score59.76
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websitedrill.apache.orgduckdb.orghive.apache.org
Technical documentationdrill.apache.org/­docsduckdb.org/­docscwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Home
DeveloperApache Software FoundationApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by Facebook
Initial release201220182012
Current release1.20.3, January 20231.0.0, June 20243.1.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
server-lessAll OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantyesSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Arrow Database Connectivity (ADBC)
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Supported programming languagesC++C
C# info3rd party driver
C++
Crystal info3rd party driver
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Lisp info3rd party driver
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
Rust
Swift
Zig info3rd party driver
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduce
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Depending on the underlying data sourceyes
User concepts infoAccess controlDepending on the underlying data sourcenoAccess rights for users, groups and roles

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