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DBMS > Apache Drill vs. Drizzle vs. H2 vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Apache Drill vs. Drizzle vs. H2 vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#106  Overall
#20  Document stores
#55  Relational DBMS
Score9.83
Rank#51  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score3.54
Rank#93  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Websitedrill.apache.orgwww.h2database.compingcap.com
Technical documentationdrill.apache.org/­docswww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperApache Software FoundationDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerThomas MuellerPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2012200820052016
Current release1.19.0, June 20217.2.4, September 20122.1.210, January 20225.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGNU GPLOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC++JavaGo, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
All OS with a Java VMLinux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
JDBCJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC++C
C++
Java
PHP
JavaAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsnoJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsno
Triggersnono infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.yesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
With clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Depending on the underlying data sourceyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlDepending on the underlying data sourcePluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache DrillDrizzleH2TiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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14 December 2021

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7 December 2021

Believe in the Multiplicative Power of Openness
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How to Connect TiDB Cloud to Metabase
24 November 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Apache DrillDrizzleH2TiDB
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Recent citations in the news

Apache Drill improves big data SQL query engine
31 August 2021, TechTarget

Apache Drill Adds New Data Formats
28 March 2022, iProgrammer

Apache Drill Poised to Crack Tough Data Challenges
19 May 2015, Datanami

Amazon's PartiQL query language eyes all data sources
6 August 2019, TechTarget

MapR Aims to Take SQL-on-Hadoop to Next Level
16 September 2014, CIO

provided by Google News

PingCap brings TiDB distributed SQL HTAP database to cloud
11 May 2022, TechTarget

Raft Engine: a Log-Structured Embedded Storage Engine for Multi-Raft Logs in TiKV
12 May 2022, InfoQ.com

PingCAP Enhances Support for Data Intensive Applications with TiDB 5.3
7 December 2021, PR Newswire

PingCap TiDB 5.3 Supports Both High Volume Transaction Processing and Real-Time Analytics
4 January 2022, Database Trends and Applications

PingCAP Introduces its New Developer Tier to Boost Application Innovation with TiDB Cloud
9 November 2021, PR Newswire

provided by Google News

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