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DBMS > Apache Drill vs. Dgraph vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Newts vs. Quasardb

System Properties Comparison Apache Drill vs. Dgraph vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Newts vs. Quasardb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonNewts  Xexclude from comparisonQuasardb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSFully managed big data interactive analytics platformTime Series DBMS based on CassandraDistributed, high-performance timeseries database
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Graph DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedTime Series DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.08
Rank#104  Overall
#21  Document stores
#53  Relational DBMS
Score1.57
Rank#141  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score7.30
Rank#60  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#357  Overall
#33  Time Series DBMS
Score0.07
Rank#330  Overall
#29  Time Series DBMS
Websitedrill.apache.orgdgraph.ioazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-exploreropennms.github.io/­newtsquasardb.net
Technical documentationdrill.apache.org/­docsdgraph.io/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorergithub.com/­OpenNMS/­newts/­wikidoc.quasar.ai/­master
DeveloperApache Software FoundationDgraph Labs, Inc.MicrosoftOpenNMS Groupquasardb
Initial release20122016201920142009
Current release1.19.0, June 2021cloud service with continuous releases3.13.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infoFree community edition, Non-profit organizations and non-commercial usage are eligible for free licenses
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)schema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyesyes infointeger and binary
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesnono
Secondary indexesnoyesall fields are automatically indexednoyes infowith tags
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantnoKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetnoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP REST
Java API
HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC++C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
Java.Net
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsnoYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, Rnono
Triggersnonoyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicynono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infobased on CassandraSharding infoconsistent hashing
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.selectable replication factor infobased on CassandraSource-replica replication with selectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnononowith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Eventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDnonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyesyesyes infoby using LevelDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Depending on the underlying data sourcenonoyes infoTransient mode
User concepts infoAccess controlDepending on the underlying data sourceno infoPlanned for future releasesAzure Active Directory AuthenticationnoCryptographically strong user authentication and audit trail
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache DrillDgraphMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerNewtsQuasardb
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAn Azure Data Explorer cluster is a pair of engine and data management clusters which...
» more

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Apache DrillDgraphMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerNewtsQuasardb
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