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DBMS > Apache Drill vs. Dgraph vs. LokiJS vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Apache Drill vs. Dgraph vs. LokiJS vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSIn-memory JavaScript DBMSTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Graph DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#106  Overall
#20  Document stores
#55  Relational DBMS
Score1.54
Rank#143  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.57
Rank#228  Overall
#34  Document stores
Score3.54
Rank#93  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Websitedrill.apache.orgdgraph.iogithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSpingcap.com
Technical documentationdrill.apache.org/­docsdgraph.io/­docstechfort.github.io/­LokiJSdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperApache Software FoundationDgraph Labs, Inc.PingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2012201620142016
Current release1.19.0, June 20215.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageGoJavaScriptGo, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
JavaScript APIJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC++C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScriptAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsnoView functions in JavaScriptno
Triggersnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyesnonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftnoneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyesyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDno infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Depending on the underlying data sourceyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlDepending on the underlying data sourceno infoPlanned for future releasesnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache DrillDgraphLokiJSTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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7 December 2021

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30 November 2021

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24 November 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Apache DrillDgraphLokiJSTiDB
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